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In April, Saudi Arabia pardoned 22 Indonesian domestic workers on death row.
Many migrant domestic workers still face the death penalty, often after having limited access to legal advice and translators during court proceedings.
The (sponsorship) system ties migrant workers’ residency permits to “sponsoring” employers, whose written consent is required for workers to change employers or exit the country.
Employers abuse this power to confiscate passports, withhold wages, and force migrants to work against their will, against Saudi law.
Under the discriminatory Saudi guardianship system, girls and women are forbidden from traveling, conducting official business, or undergoing certain medical procedures without permission from their male guardians.